Makeovers! Comparing Portrait Generators

Sigh… full-time work is great for paying the bills, don’t get me wrong. But it does cut into the worldbuilding time…

I’ve finally forced myself to make a new post with a little comparison of my two favorite portrait-making apps – Portrait and Artbreeder.

Here are the original portraits I made of my main characters from East of the Sun, Asta and Sindri. I used PortraitAI and I’m still very pleased with the results.

But as I’ve already mentioned, PortraitAI has is very Eurocentric, and much less customizable. And I got more and more comfortable with Artbreeder, I decided I wanted to try to make my leads in glorious HD.

I uploaded my Asta PortraitAI pic directly into Artbreeder and played with the sliders until I had something I liked. She came out a little younger than I would have liked, but I love what the program did with her eyebrows, and her eyes have that “glacier blue” stare that I wrote about. I’m somewhat less pleased with Sindri – I had to do him from scratch, as the three-quarters PortraitAI didn’t upload very well. So I found a few “dark-haired and gloomy” base from Artbreeder’s catalog and crossbred them, then played with the age and facial hair sliders until I got something I liked. The lines of the face aren’t quite what I picture in my head, but again, I love the direct stare, which I think captures Sindri’s intensity.

Artbreeder is free to use, but I couldn’t resist upgrading to the “Starter Breeder” tier, with gives you a greater number of both upload base pictures, and hi-res downloads of your finished product.

The Unicorns of Sarkland – Bringing More Dinosaurs into Bifrons


In keeping with my tradition of populating Bifrons with animals inspired by medieval bestiaries, here are the unicorns of Sarkland, inspired by the mythological karkadann and the shadhavar of Persian mythology.

Being so isolated, Sarkland is my “lost world” playground, where I get to indulge my love of dinosaurs. Perhaps once more of Bifrons had archosaurs, but they went extinct over the eons, and only those in Sarkland survived.

Much as the mythlogical karkadann is obviously based off a rhinoceros (kargadan means rhinoceros in Persian and Arabic), I based my Sarkish karkadann on rhinos and ceratopsian dinosaurs. My shadavahr is a cross between a deer and a parasaurolophus, with the mythological shadhavar’s (yes, the switched-around spelling is intentional – I already had several -ahr words linked to Sarkland and wanted to keep a theme) multi-pronged horn in place of a hadrosaur’s crest.

The Dragons of Sarkland – Making Monsters

Everyone loves dragons! (well, not me, I was more of a dino-nerd) But how to fit them into a world that is much more sci-fi than fantasy? We’ve all read those “Physics of Dragons” articles that explain in painstaking detail why Dany Targaryen’s trio would never take off.  I found my answer in paleontology (remember the dino-nerd?) So you have a drake that is essentially a megalania and a lindorm that is a mosasaur with fully atrophied hind flippers.

The wyrm gets… a little trickier. It’s based off art of Persian dragons, as well as the Western wyrm. While there is not a clear prehistoric parallel for the wyrm, there were prehistoric snakes with small, but functional limbs. The head of the wyrm is clearly based off the komodo dragon, and… well, the stinger is just cool.

East of the Sun is Now Live!

  My novel novel, East of the Sun, is now available on Amazon as Kindle e-book and paperback.  

For generations, the Dukes of Morn have guarded the sunlit lands against the brutal Nightsiders who live in eternal darkness, beyond the Shadowline Mountains. Exiled from eternal Day, the Nightsiders will do anything to reclaim the lands they consider their own. And during the brief, dark winter in Morn, the mountain passes swarm with raiders. Only a strong duke can hold back the Night. But Morn’s duke is weak… and his sons have recently died.

Asta Arvaker is the duke’s only surviving child. Once overlooked as a bastard, she is now the most eligible bride in the realm. Ambitious lords on both sides of the Shadowline scheme to use her for their own ends. But Asta has no wish to share her throne with any man.

When her father is betrayed and her claim challenged, Asta must take her destiny into her own hands. And for that, she must seek an alliance with Morn’s greatest enemy, in the frozen lands east of the sun.

See it on See it on      |   See it on

Countdown to East of the Sun

I’m starting to do the final layouts and proofing for my novel East of the Sun, which I will be releasing with Amazon KDP. If all goes well, it could be ready by the end of March!

Asta Arvaker is the uncertain heir to the Duchy of Morn. She has been brought up to fear the brutal Nightsiders who live beyond the Shadowline Mountains, but when her claim to the throne is challenged, and her life is in danger, she has no choice but to journey east of the sun to seek the aid of the Nightsider prince.

Here is the first of several maps that will be accompany the finished novel. This is the regional map, covering all the sites visited or mentioned in the text.

A Tale of Three Maps

Exhibit 1 – the “reader friendly” version of the Northbridge, the dangerous trading route that goes over the north pole of Bifrons. I made it for my e-novella The Darkest North.

My priorities: readability and “intuitive clarity” – nothing extraneous cluttering up the map, nothing requiring a legend. You can see the heavy forests, the tundra, the major landmarks. There’s a scale and clear text labels. Should be enough for any reader following the story.

Exhibit 2 – the “antique” version of the Northbridge. This one was made for my worldbook entries, and is more of an “in-universe” map – specifically, the rather ambitiously speculative map that my narrator Farco Maldwyn draws up in his journal, based on the testimony of his guides.

My priorities: readability and atmosphere  – I wanted it to look old and worn, so I took the original map and overlaid it on some olde-timey parchment paper. I’m pretty conflicted over keeping the scale bar… I doubt Maldwyn would have bothered to add that, but perhaps I could say it was added later by scholars.

Exhibit 3 – The “satellite” version, aka “The Biggun.” Made because I have an abiding love of the lushness of detail in satellite view, and because I wanted an accurate picture of the north polar region of Bifrons. This is just a snippet of a larger map I made using an azimuthal equal-area projection of my base Bifrons map. I then did an overlay of Exhibit 1, made sure the scales all matched, enlarged to obscene proportions, and went to town with all my favorite brushes.

My priorities: consistent scale and sheer glorious aesthetics! It’s a lot harder to read at a glance, but all the detail is there for someone willing to take the time, it depicts the unique color you’d find in the Bifrons polar biomes (black taiga and purple tundra), and it’s soooooo pretty.


The Darkest North – NOW AVAILABLE!

My short e-novella “The Darkest North” is now live on Amazon!

Here’s a sample:

The paddleboat took me as far as it dared before the autumn rains made the river impassable. From there I found porters to carry my boxes overland, deep into the forest of ash and pines. The setting sun casts strange shadows through the trees; needle-patterns of light and dark play on the forest floor. Close to the river, it was easy enough to tell south-west, but once the trees surrounded me, everything seemed suffused with the same red glow.

My porters were natives to the area, yet even they almost missed the little clearing in the woods. I had expected a town, but the sad collection of sod huts barely warrants the title of village.

We came a few wakes too early. Once the sun set, Fyrtarn came alive. Bowls of peatmoss all along the clearing’s perimeter were set alight. The fire’s glow could be seen from miles away. And the heat was such that I soon cast off my heavier furs.

The village headsman held a sunset revel in the longhouse. All travellers were welcome, with the understanding that they would leave an offering at the village altar. As my lush furs marked me as a man of means, I took care to leave a silver mark alongside the heels of breads and iron trinkets.

I reunited with Bannik at the feast, and he introduced me to the other members of our expedition: a cook and his boy, twelve Thune porters, and eight Horned Men to serve as hunters.

That they are primitives is evident at first sight: they are tall and broad-shouldered to a man, with coarse features and the oddly protuberant gaze of a simpleton. Each man wears a voluminous headdress of dyed wool, ornamented with animal horns. The younger boys wear sheep’s horns, the elders, stag antlers. The leader of the group was unmistakable by both his size and the polished troll’s horns perched on his brow. His name is Maroth, and he is the only one of the savages to speak the One Tongue. I find myself quite hypnotized by the state of his teeth, badly worn yet quite straight and white. Bannik’s teeth, by contrast, are crooked and striped with tobacco stains.

I have no complaints with the state of the men: they all seem to be in robust health, and though the cook’s boy is a wiry thing, he is brimming with nervous energy. But I confess, I quarreled with Bannik when he insisted on bringing a seidwife on our expedition.

Seidwives: in Morn we have worked hard to be rid of their kind. I once watched one old witch being whipped through the streets for selling spells. The common women all wept, for seidwives are known to deliver children too – though I cannot see why women cannot rely on proper physicians. I will insist on such for my wife should I ever marry.

But in Thune, seidwives are still revered as priests and healers. There is a scarcity of properly trained heliophants outside the cities, and the common folk trust neither surgeons nor alchemists. Instead, they take their pains and fears to a bald witch.

To be sure, Goodwife Sohvi is much neater in her person than the old wretch I saw flogged. She is a mature woman, with a regrettably long face. But I daresay she would be still be comely, if she grew her hair out. Her dress is modest and well-kept, and she speaks the One Tongue almost without accent. With the proper cap, I almost could pass her off as the wife of a respectable farmer.

Her gaze is too bold, though. Her dark eyes invite and scorn at once. A good woman would look away more.

Bannik asked Sohvi to show me her healer’s kit. I could find no fault in her equipment: instead of charms and rune-sticks, she carries rubbing spirits and poppy-wine, along with all the usual alchemical remedies. Her knives and needles are kept sharp and clean. I continued to express misgivings, but Bannik warned me that the porters will not march without a seidwife to pray with them. And that, it seems, concluded the discussion.

“Do not pray for me,” I warned her. “I take my prayers to Súnna directly.”

She smiled enigmatically. “But can She hear you in the dark?”

Being no theologian, and no fool either, I refused to be baited.

There was no room among the little sod houses, so we bunked down in the longhouse for the winter season. So did the village livestock. For twelve long wakes, we shared the space with all manner of sounds and smells. I taught myself patience, and availed myself of every break in the poor weather to walk the torch-lit perimeter of the village.

Such noises came from the forest: the howl of the wind, the crackle of branches, the occasional cry of nocturnal beasts. But worse, oddly, was the stillness just before sunrise, when the world lay covered in fog, and all one could hear was the soft shush of the rain. In those moments, it was easy to believe there was nothing beyond our torches, but an endless expanse of icy mist.

I feared to look too long beyond the torches. Yet I feared to turn my back on the mist. One had the feeling that anything could come creeping out of it.

Coming VERY Soon!

Final revisions on my new novel East of the Sun are underway, but in the meantime, I will soon be offering a bit of a preview of the world of Bifrons in novella (novelette?) format. My 15,000 word story “The Darkest North” will be going live on Amazon in a few days.

As the title suggests, it’s a bit of a riff on the old “Into Darkest Africa” adventure stories. We follow the eager(and hopelessly naïve) explorer Farco Maldwyn on his quest for a safe route through the polar region of Trollmark. He hopes to make his fortune when he publishes the journal of his travels, but it soon becomes an apocalypse log as his fellow travelers are picked off one by one by disease, hunger, parasites and vengeful trolls.

Caught between the Dayline and the Shadowline, Farco Maldwyn and his expedition travel through the thin band on their planet where the sun rises and sets over the course of the 60-day solar year. While the sun is up, the explorers live in fear of deadly flares, and once it sets, they must seek shelter from the agonizing cold… and the many creatures who hunt in the darkness.

From the southerly lands of Morn, Farco is used to a night that lasts for days.  Armed with his musket and specimen bottles, he dreams of making history in the savage northern lands. But he soon learns that there is a reason men have yet to conquer the wilds of Trollmark, as his expedition falls prey to the dangers of the Darkest North.